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Cannabinoids, Phenolics, Terpenes and Alkaloids of Cannabis


Last updated 6/6/2021 at 11:28pm

Cannabis sativa is one of the oldest medicinal plants in the world. It contains a complex mixture of secondary metabolites, including cannabinoids and non-cannabinoid-type constituents. More than 500 compounds have been reported of which 125 cannabinoids have been isolated and/or identified as cannabinoids. The non-cannabinoid include: non-cannabinoid phenols, flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids and others. Cannabis has a long history of being used as a medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including asthma, epilepsy, fatigue, glaucoma, insomnia, nausea, pain, and etc.

This review discusses the chemistry of the cannabinoids and major non-cannabinoid constituents (terpenes, non-cannabinoid phenolics, and alkaloids) with special emphasis on their chemical structures, methods of isolation, and identification. This review also updated the chemistry of 125 cannabinoids, 42 phenolics, 34 flavonoids, 120 terpenes and 2 alkaloids and much, much more.

To read more, visit Cannabinoids, Phenolics, Terpenes and Alkaloids of Cannabis.

(This article belongs to the Special Issue A Themed Issue in Honor of Professor K.Hüsnü Can Baser-Outstanding Contributions in the Fields of Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Botany and Ethnopharmacology


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